Treatments for Thalassaemia
- water for injection
- alcohol rub
- cotton balls
- pain reliever cream
- equipment bag
- needle injection machine
- bandage tape
- stomach area is the safest and the easiest
- small children and skinnier children are not compatible with arm shots
- every night, there is a need to change places of where injection is. (ie. If the stomach is the place, you can choose a different spot on the stomach) this will help the iron absorb faster.
Steps to getting ready for injection:
one hour before, put on pain relief cream on the chosen spot
apply the bandage on the medicated area as to prevent the cream from getting rubbed off by clothing
before injection, wash hands thoroughly
use a cotton ball covered with alcohol rub to disinfect the water for injection bottle
use the needle to retrieve the right amount of water needed for injection. The remaining water should be discarded.
一瓶藥粉 4-5 c.c.
二瓶藥粉 8-10 c.c.
三瓶藥粉 12-15 c.c.
四瓶藥粉 16-18 c.c.
Use cotton ball with alcohol rub to disinfect the (*) top. Then put the water into the (*) to mix. (each bottle can only hold up to 4-5 cc of water)
Take out the mixture with the needle
Attach the needle to the thalaset and tap out the oxygen until you see beads of water on the needle top.
Set the right frequency on the equipment. (if the needle is 50mm, then the duration of the medication should last for 10 hours – meaning that every hour should release 5mm of medication)
peal off bandage and use cotton ball to disinfect injection area.
Pull the stomach skin upwards and inject the needle into that area.
Insert the thalaset and use the bandage tape to secure the thalaset on the skin
Put the attached equipment into the bag and strap well onto the body.
The patient is now able to roam around with the equipment attached to him/her.
- Always be hygienic – you need to wash your hands before every injection
- Before every procedure, you need to make sure that your hands are clean other wise you need to re-disinfect the bottles to start again.
- Always disinfect the area where you are injecting
- If the duration of the medication injected is longer, the better the results, 8-12 hours is preferred for the best results.
- If it works, then urine should be a mixture of red and orange color.
- Depending on the patient’s iron accumulation, each week, a patient would about do 5-7 injections, one per night.
Injecting will make the area bruised and swollen
- The patient needs to make sure that the needle is injected further into the skin so that it reaches underneath it.
- Because the (*) is too strong on it’s own, we need to mix it with 4-5cc of water in order to prevent skin sensitivity
- If the patient shows signs of allergies to (*), then before the injection, they are allowed to put some medication in there to counter act the allergy.
- To prevent any infections, the injection site must be clean.
- If the needle is inserted too far in it might cause internal bleeding, so before injecting the needle, one has to make sure that the skin area is fine. But if there is internal bleeding, the needle needs to be pulled out immediately and putting pressure on the area to stop the bleeding. This will prevent the swelling hurt of the needle. Because of minor swelling and bruising it is advised that one will avoid high impact sports that may come in contact with the injection site.